Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia (Komaparasi Pengalaman Organisasi Muhammadiyah dan Nahdlatul Ulama)

Authors

  • Saripuddin Daulay Kementerian Agama Kota Gunung Sitoli
  • Rasyid Anwar Dalimunthe Sekolah Tinggi Agama Islam Serdang Lubuk Pakam

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53802/fitrah.v2i2.70

Keywords:

Modernization, Islamic Education, Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama

Abstract

This study aims to analyze the modernization of Islamic education in Indonesia from two organizations namely Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama. The focus of the study is on aspects of modernization and the contribution of modernization to national education. This type of research is qualitative based on literature study. The results of the study explain that aspects of modernization, such as educational goals, Muhammadiyah directs it towards being firm in holding and practicing Islamic teachings sourced from the Qur'an and Hadith. Meanwhile, Nahdlatul Ulama aims to be moral-spiritual oriented which emphasizes the urgency of balance between religion and science. Aspects of the curriculum, Muhammadiyah and Nahdatul Ulama have something in common, namely incorporating science into their curriculum. There is almost no difference in the method aspect, although NU sometimes still maintains its classical methods such as Wetonan and Sorogan. Both aspects of human resource development demand to have the characteristics of organizational scholarship. Its contribution to the national education system, Muhammadiyah gave birth to schools with Islamic curricula which so far only taught science, the NU version gave birth to modern Islamic boarding schools, even tiered to the level of higher education.

References

Arroisi, J. (2020). Pembaharuan Pemikiran Islam Model Muhammadiyah Dan Nahdlatul Ulama, dalam Jurnal Islam. Nusantara, 4(2), 175.

Azra, Azumardi. (2012). Pendidikan Islam: Tradisi dan Moderniasai di Tengah Melinim III. UIN Press.

Azra, Azyumardi. (2013). Jaringan Ulama Timur Tengah & Kepulauan Nusantara Abad XVII dan XVIII. Kencana.

Basinun, B. (2018). Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia: Respon Muhammadiyah Terhadap Model Pendidikan Barat. At-Ta’lim: Media Informasi Pendidikan Islam, 16(2), 255–275. http://dx.doi.org/10.29300/attalim.v16i2.837

Basori, R. (2006). The Founding Father Pesantren Modern Indonesia, Jejak Langkah K.H.A. Wahid Hasyim. Inceis.

Burhanuddin, J. (2012). Ulama dan Kekuasaan; Pergumulan Elit Muslim Dalam Sejarah Indonesia. Mizan.

Daulay, H. P. (2007). Sejarah Pertumbuhan dan Pembaruan Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Kencana.

Fazlurrahman, M. (2018). Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam: Gagasan Alternatif Fazlur Rahman. Ta’lim: Jurnal Studi Pendidikan Islam, 1(1 SE-Articles). http://e-jurnal.unisda.ac.id/index.php/talim/article/view/634

Heriyudanta, M. (2016). Modernisasi Pendidikan Pesantren Perspektif Azyumardi Azra. Mudarrisa: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan Islam, 8(1), 145–172. https://doi.org/10.18326/mdr.v8i1.145-172

Hidayat, S. (2016). Studi Kemuhammadiyahan Kajian Historis, Ideologi dan Organisasi, Anggaran Dasar Muhammadiyah Bab III Pasal 6. LPIK.

Ichsan, A. S., Sembiring, I. D., & Luthfiah, N. (2020). Pendidikan Islam Menghadapi Tradisi, Transisi, dan Modernisasi. Fitrah: Journal of Islamic Education, 1(1), 107–123.

Ilham, I., & Syamsuddin, I. P. (2021). Pendidikan Islam: Telaah Sejarah Sosial Keagamaan dan Modernisasi Pendidikan Muhammadiyah. Tajdid: Jurnal Pemikiran Keislaman dan Kemanusiaan, 5(2), 199–216. https://doi.org/10.52266/tadjid.v5i2.704

Ja’far, D. S. dan. (2010). Jejak Langkah Intelektual Islam: Epistemologi, Tokoh dan Karya. IAIN Press.

Moleong. (2007). Metodologi Penelitian Kualititatif. Remaja Rosda Karya.

Muhammedi, M. (2016). Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam Indonesia Pengalaman Nahdlatul UlamA. Jurnal Tarbiyah, 23(2), 211–233. http://dx.doi.org/10.30829/tar.v23i2.113

Muzadi, A. M. (2007). NU Dalam Perspektif Sejarah dan Ajaran. Khalista.

Noer, Deliai. (1990). Gerakan Modern Islam di Indonesi1990-1924. LP3S.

Noer, Delier. (1980). Gerakan Modern Islam di Indonesia 1900-1942. LP3ES.

Perawironegoro, D. (2018). Pengembangan Sumber Daya Manusia di Lembaga Pendidikan Islam. Tajdidukasi, 8(1), 2.

Rahim, A. (2013). Nahdatul Ulama (Peranan dan Sistem Pendidikannya). Jurnal Al Hikmah, 14(2), 182.

Sayyi, A. (2017). Modernisasi Kurikulum Pendidikan Islam dalam Perspektif Azyumardi Azra. Tadris: Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 12(1), 20–39. https://doi.org/10.19105/tjpi.v12i1.1285

Siddik, D. (2007). Pendidikan Muhammadiyah Perspektif Ilmu Pendidikan. Ciptapustaka.

Sobari, M. (2010). NU dan Keindonesiaan. PT Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Sutarto. (2020). Kiprah Muhammadiyah Dalam Pembaharuan Pendidikan dan Sosial Keagamaan di Nusantara: Kajian Terhadap Pemikiran KH. Ahmad Dahlan. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 5(1), 2–3.

Yusra, N. (2018). Muhammadiyah: Gerakan Pembaharuan Pendidikan Islam. Potensia: Jurnal Kependidikan Islam, 4(1), 103–125. http://dx.doi.org/10.24014/potensia.v4i1.5269

Published

2022-01-07

How to Cite

Daulay, S., & Dalimunthe, R. A. (2022). Modernisasi Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia (Komaparasi Pengalaman Organisasi Muhammadiyah dan Nahdlatul Ulama). Fitrah: Journal of Islamic Education, 2(2), 125-140. https://doi.org/10.53802/fitrah.v2i2.70