Fitrah: Journal of Islamic Education, as a journal that has a commitment to ensure that all writers maintain their academic integrity, especially on the issue of plagiarism. Plagiarism is an act that is not commendable, and is a serious academic violation. Therefore Fitrah needs to establish policies on the problem of plagiarism that could occur in the future.
Definition of Plagiarism:
Plagiarism includes the failure of the writer to tell the reader that the language or idea used is not the work of the writer but is the work of someone else. So the writer intentionally uses language, ideas, and other material without mentioning the source, in other words the writer wants to trick the reader that what is written is the author's language or ideas. This might be caused by the lack of understanding of researchers towards the practice of doing well citation.
The article must be the work of the author's originality, and has never been or is waiting to be published in any media. Every quote, whether word, sentence, statement, picture, or other material must be clearly identified as something and different from the original text. The forms of identification include (1) indenting, (2) using quotes, and (3) identifying sources.
Fitrah uses Turnitin software to check the presence or absence of plagiarism and analyze the level of similarity of an article. The acceptable level of smiliarity is 20%, if more than that it will be sent back to the author for revision and asked to send it back.
Kemenristekdikti in his book entitled Editorial Guidelines for Management of Scientific Journal page 29 explains that Palgiarism based on its type can be divided into:
- Direct Plagiarism. Direct plagiarism is copying every word from someone else's work without mentioning the source, or without including quotation marks. The intentional plagiarism of other people's work is unethical, and academically dishonest.
- Self-Plagiarism. Self plagiarism occurs if the author uses material that has been previously published, or takes some of the material that has been previously published without the knowledge of other authors.
- Mosaic Plagiarism. Mosaic plagiarism occurs when someone uses phrases from other sources without including ‘quotation marks’, or uses synonyms but the sentence structure and meaning are still the same as the original.
- Accidental Plagiarism. Accidental plagiarism occurs if the author forgets to include the source of the reference, or miss-lists the source, or accidentally rewrites a few words, sentences without mentioning the source. Although this type of plagiarism occurs by accident, but this kind of plagiarism is also treated the same as other plagiarism and is a scientific violation.
When there are articles that indicate plagiarism, in accordance with the types mentioned above, the editor in chief is responsible for reviewing the article and will approve steps according to the level of plagiarism detected in the article, with the following guidelines:
Minor levels of plagiarism:
Short sections of other articles are traced without significant data or ideas taken from other papers
Action: A warning is given to the author and a request to change the text and to quote correctly the original article was made
Intermediate Plagiarism: Most papers are copied without quotations that match the original paper
Action: The submitted article was rejected and the author was prohibited from sending further articles for one year
Severe level of plagiarism: Most papers are plagiarized, reproducing original results or ideas presented in other publications
Action: This paper was rejected and the author was prohibited from submitting further articles for five years.
In ensuring that the article is really the original work of the author, the author is instructed to make a letter of authenticity to the writing with a format that can be clicked here