Performances Analysis in an Islamic Boarding School: Insights From Indonesia

Authors

  • Niki Puspita Sari Universitas Islam Raden Rahmat Malang
  • Helmi Muhammad Universitas Islam Raden Rahmat Malang
  • Khairul Umam Universitas Islam Raden Rahmat Malang

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.53802/fitrah.v4i2.415

Keywords:

Job stress, Job Satisfaction, Performance

Abstract

Employee performance is an important factor in determining organizational success. Previous studies on employee performance are dominated by the business sector. Whereas the performance of non-business organizations such as Islamic boarding schools also requires administrators to provide high performance as business organizations. Along with modern developments, Islamic boarding schools are required to adapt to a new environment that allows pressure on the management. The demands of adaptive Islamic boarding schools also allow administrators to feel like or dislike their work. This study aims to analyze the performance in Islamic boarding schools influenced by the variables of stress and job satisfaction. Data were collected through questionnaires distributed to 60 administrators of Miftahul Ulum Islamic Boarding School, Malang, Indonesia, using the census method and analyzed by multiple linear regression. The results showed that job stress had a significant effect on the performance of Miftahul Ulum Islamic boarding school administrators. However, job satisfaction has no significant effect on the performance of Miftahul Ulum Islamic boarding school administrators. The results of this study have positive implications for the leadership of Islamic boarding schools to improve performance through human resource management.

References

A. Karem, M., N. Mahmood, Y., S. Jameel, A., & Rahman Ahmad, A. (2019). The Effect of Job Satisfaction And Organizational Commitment On Nurses’ Performance. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 7(6), 332–339. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7658

Adaramola, S. S. (2012). Job Stress and Productivity Increase. Work, 41, 2955–2958. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-2012-0547-2955

Alam, N. A. R. (2018). Strengthening Leadership Culture (The Role of Kyai in Indonesian Pesantren). At-Ta’dib, 13(1), 5. https://doi.org/10.21111/at-tadib.v13i1.1986

Anwar, G., & Abdullah, N. N. (2021). The impact of Human resource management practice on Organizational performance. International Journal of Engineering, Business and Management, 5(1), 35–47. https://doi.org/10.22161/ijebm.5.1.4

Avey, J. B., Luthans, F., Hannah, S. T., Sweetman, D., & Peterson, C. (2012). Impact of employees’ character strengths of wisdom on stress and creative performance: Impact of character strengths of wisdom. Human Resource Management Journal, 22(2), 165–181. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1748-8583.2010.00157.x

Bhardwaj, B., & Kalia, N. (2021). Contextual and task performance: Role of employee engagement and organizational culture in hospitality industry. Vilakshan - XIMB Journal of Management, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/XJM-08-2020-0089

Borman, W. C., White, L. A., & Dorsey, D. W. (1995). Effects of ratee task performance and interpersonal factors on supervisor and peer performance ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 80(1), 168–177. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.80.1.168

Boswell, W. R., Olson-Buchanan, J. B., & LePine, M. A. (2004). Relations between stress and work outcomes: The role of felt challenge, job control, and psychological strain. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 64(1), 165–181. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0001-8791(03)00049-6

Cooper, C. L., Dewe, P. J., & O’driscoll, M. P. (2001). Organizational Stress: A Review and Critique of Theory, Research, and Applications. SAGE Publications, Inc. https://doi.org/10.4135/9781452231235

Deshpande, S. P. (1996). Ethical climate and the link between success and ethical behavior: An empirical investigation of a non-profit organization. Journal of Business Ethics, 15(3), 315–320. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00382957

Dinc, M. S., Kuzey, C., & Steta, N. (2018). Nurses’ job satisfaction as a mediator of the relationship between organizational commitment components and job performance. Journal of Workplace Behavioral Health, 33(2), 75–95. https://doi.org/10.1080/15555240.2018.1464930

Evers, K. E., Castle, P. H., Prochaska, J. O., & Prochaska, J. M. (2014). Examining Relationships between Multiple Health Risk Behaviors, Well-Being, and Productivity. Psychological Reports, 114(3), 843–853. https://doi.org/10.2466/13.01.PR0.114k25w4

Foy, T., Dwyer, R. J., Nafarrete, R., Hammoud, M. S. S., & Rockett, P. (2019). Managing job performance, social support and work-life conflict to reduce workplace stress. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 68(6), 1018–1041. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-03-2017-0061

Giancola, F. L. (2014). Should HR Professionals Devote More Time to Intrinsic Rewards? Compensation & Benefits Review, 46(1), 25–31. https://doi.org/10.1177/0886368714537446

Goodman, S. A., & Svyantek, D. J. (1999). Person–Organization Fit and Contextual Performance: Do Shared Values Matter. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 55(2), 254–275. https://doi.org/10.1006/jvbe.1998.1682

Gunapalan, S., & Ekanayake, E. M. R. D. (2019). Factors Affecting on Job Performance of Employees in Apparel Industry. 2019 8th International Conference on Industrial Technology and Management (ICITM), 105–109. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICITM.2019.8710741

Islam, R., Othman, M. F., Osman, N., & Raihan, Md. A. (2019). Impact of Global Leadership Behaviors on Performance of Multinational Companies. Humanities & Social Sciences Reviews, 7(3), 661–670. https://doi.org/10.18510/hssr.2019.7397

Jameel, A. S., & Ahmad, A. R. (2019). Leadership and Performance of Academic Staff in Developing Countries. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3432988

Kuvaas, B., Buch, R., Weibel, A., Dysvik, A., & Nerstad, C. G. L. (2017). Do intrinsic and extrinsic motivation relate differently to employee outcomes? Journal of Economic Psychology, 61, 244–258. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.joep.2017.05.004

Leung, K., Huang, K.-L., Su, C.-H., & Lu, L. (2011). Curvilinear relationships between role stress and innovative performance: Moderating effects of perceived support for innovation: Role stress and innovative performance. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 84(4), 741–758. https://doi.org/10.1348/096317910X520421

McCartney, S., Murphy, C., & Mccarthy, J. (2020). 21st century HR: A competency model for the emerging role of HR Analysts. Personnel Review, ahead-of-print(ahead-of-print). https://doi.org/10.1108/PR-12-2019-0670

Moore, A. W., Anderson, B., Das, K., & Wong, W.-K. (2006). Combining Multiple Signals for Biosurveillance. In Handbook of Biosurveillance (pp. 235–242). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-012369378-5/50017-X

Mosquera, P., Soares, M. E., & Oliveira, D. (2020). Do intrinsic rewards matter for real estate agents? Journal of European Real Estate Research, 13(2), 207–222. https://doi.org/10.1108/JERER-12-2019-0051

Motowidlo, S. J., & Van Scotter, J. R. (1994). Evidence that task performance should be distinguished from contextual performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 79(4), 475–480. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.79.4.475

Motowildo, S. J., Borman, W. C., & Schmit, M. J. (1997). A Theory of Individual Differences in Task and Contextual Performance. Human Performance, 10(2), 71–83. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327043hup1002_1

Muhammad, H., & Sari, N. P. (2021). Implementation of The Synergy Of Transformational-Servant Leadership Character In Islamic Boarding School. Journal of Leadership in Organizations, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.22146/jlo.65642

Nabirye, R. C., Brown, K. C., Pryor, E. R., & Maples, E. H. (2011). Occupational stress, job satisfaction and job performance among hospital nurses in Kampala, Uganda: Hospital nurses in Kampala, Uganda. Journal of Nursing Management, 19(6), 760–768. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2834.2011.01240.x

Nicoleta, M. S., Emanoil, M., & Marcela, A. (2015). The Necessity And Influence Of Human Resources Training For Obtaining And Increasing The Performance Of Multinational Organizations. Varazdin Development and Entrepreneurship Agency ; University North. http://www.esd-conference.com/Book%20of%20Proceedings_Istanbul_2015_Final.pdf

Nirel, R., & Glickman, H. (2009). Sample Surveys and Censuses. In Handbook of Statistics (Vol. 29, pp. 539–565). Elsevier. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-7161(08)00021-7

Organ, D. W. (2018). Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Recent Trends and Developments. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 5(1), 295–306. https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev-orgpsych-032117-104536

Podsakoff, P. M., & MacKenzie, S. B. (1997). Impact of Organizational Citizenship Behavior on Organizational Performance: A Review and Suggestion for Future Research. Human Performance, 10(2), 133–151. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327043hup1002_5

Podsakoff, P. M., Mackenzie, S. B., & Podsakoff, N. P. (2016). Organizational Citizenship Behavior: Introduction and Overview of the Handbook (P. M. Podsakoff, S. B. Mackenzie, & N. P. Podsakoff, Eds.; Vol. 1). Oxford University Press. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordhb/9780190219000.013.1

Ridwan, A. (2020). The Dynamics Of Pesantren Leadership From The Dutch Ethical Policy To The Reformation PeriodS. Epistemé: Jurnal Pengembangan Ilmu Keislaman, 15(02), 365–400. https://doi.org/10.21274/epis.2020.15.02.365-400

Santos, A. S., Reis Neto, M. T., & Verwaal, E. (2018). Does cultural capital matter for individual job performance? A large-scale survey of the impact of cultural, social and psychological capital on individual performance in Brazil. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, 67(8), 1352–1370. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJPPM-05-2017-0110

Sari, N. P., & Muhammad, H. (2019). Organizational Citizenship Behavior Guru Sekolah Menengah Atas dan Sederajat di Lingkungan Pondok Pesantren. Relevance : Journal of Management and Business, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.22515/relevance.v2i2.1928

Schermerhorn, J. R. (1989). Management for productivity (3rd ed). Wiley.

Sembiring, N., Nimran, U., Astuti, E. S., & Utami, H. N. (2020). The effects of emotional intelligence and organizational justice on job satisfaction, caring climate, and criminal investigation officers’ performance. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 28(5), 1113–1130. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJOA-10-2019-1908

Sitnikov, C. (2020). The role of Human Resources Management in Optimizing Work Processes. International Management Conference. https://doi.org/10.24818/IMC/2020/04.01

Soomro, B. A., & Shah, N. (2019). Determining the impact of entrepreneurial orientation and organizational culture on job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and employee’s performance. South Asian Journal of Business Studies, 8(3), 266–282. https://doi.org/10.1108/SAJBS-12-2018-0142

Taherdoost, H. (2016). Validity and Reliability of the Research Instrument; How to Test the Validation of a Questionnaire/Survey in a Research. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3205040

Troesch, L. M., & Bauer, C. E. (2017). Second career teachers: Job satisfaction, job stress, and the role of self-efficacy. Teaching and Teacher Education, 67, 389–398. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2017.07.006

Ulrich, D., & Dulebohn, J. H. (2015). Are we there yet? What’s next for HR? Human Resource Management Review, 25(2), 188–204. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrmr.2015.01.004

Van Scotter, J. R. (2000). Relationships of Task Performance and Contextual Performance with Turnover, Job Satisfaction, and Affective Commitment. Human Resource Management Review, 10(1), 79–95. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1053-4822(99)00040-6

Watson, R. (2015). Quantitative research. Nursing Standard, 29(31), 44–48. https://doi.org/10.7748/ns.29.31.44.e8681

Zhang, Y., & Xie, Y.-H. (2017). Authoritarian Leadership and Extra-Role Behaviors: A Role-Perception Perspective. Management and Organization Review, 13(1), 147–166. https://doi.org/10.1017/mor.2016.36

Published

2023-12-30

How to Cite

Sari, N. P., Muhammad, H., & Umam, K. (2023). Performances Analysis in an Islamic Boarding School: Insights From Indonesia. Fitrah: Journal of Islamic Education, 4(2), 306-318. https://doi.org/10.53802/fitrah.v4i2.415